5 Challenges of Integrating Automation
In times of instability, with profit margins rising and falling with fluctuating commodity prices, the idea of implementing automated processes becomes even more appealing. At its best, automation can equate to increased efficiency (which itself gives way in turn to increased productivity) and increased worker safety as more difficult or dangerous jobs are given over to machines while employees stay safely behind the controls.
There’s no doubt that automation is ramping up and gathering interest in the mining industry: according to surveys taken earlier this year, 77 percent of mining specialists consider automation a top priority while more than half believe that the mining industry should be investing more heavily in automation technology than it has been. Some mining companies are already ahead of the curve, like BHP Billiton whose CEO has stated that the effective implementation of automation technology could save the mining industry billions in cost savings and decreased time lost to work injuries.
But automation is still in relatively stages, and there are still a lot of challenges to overcome before automation in mining reaches its maximum potential:
1. Integrating Old Systems with New Systems
Automation doesn’t happen overnight — performing a complete equipment overhaul would be beyond cost prohibitive for most companies, which means that automated equipment will more often than not be plugged in one or two puzzle pieces at a time. Because of this, mining and equipment companies are going to have to work together closely to ensure that new systems are able to integrate and interoperate seamlessly with older systems.
2. New Skill Sets Needed for Workers
Skilled workers are essential to any job. But as automation becomes more widespread, the skills and training needed from workers in the mining industry will change dramatically. There will be a rise in the need for employees who are able to control and even repair automated systems; as this happens, one challenge will be finding the right employees to fit these changing roles. It will also be important for established mining outfits to offer the proper training to ensure that new workers are ready for the job at hand.
3. The Way Business Operates
Change is not only in store for new employees: as automation is implemented, roles will also change at existing mining operations and challenge executives to rethink positions and fits for their existing employees. In addition to providing training for new employees, a mining company considering automation should also make sure that its long-term employees are given the tools and training necessary to adapt to their likely changing roles.
4. A New Definition of Safety
Any time new equipment pieces, systems, and processes are brought online, there is a potential for safety risks to shift and change and for new risks to arise. As automation becomes more prevalent, a challenge that companies will be tasked with is assessing these new risks and developing new protocols and training for workplace safety to match the changing nature of the work at hand.
5. The Risks of Being a Pioneer
There’s a certain prestige to being the first to try new things. But along with the benefits, there are also costs to being a pioneer in newer fields like mining automation: if issues and challenges in your automation integration process arise that no one foresaw, those on the front lines will not have the luxury of being able to look to more experienced peers for advice, and will have to troubleshoot 100 percent internally without much support. For some, that’s an intimidating thought. But for others, it’s a welcome and exciting challenge and a chance to set new standards that will live on into the future.
Coal India Secures First-Of-Its-Kind Digital Deal
Coal India Limited (CIL) has appointed Accenture Solutions to digitally transform seven of its open-cast mines as the company strives to improve performance and increase coal production. Accenture is due to lay down digitalisation groundwork until March 2022.
The deal aims to increase coal production by 100 million tonnes (MT) by the end of FY’23. Once the minimum quantity has been surpassed, an agreed sum will be paid to the consultant for every additional sum of coal produced. This success fee will only be paid on the procurement of the minimum assured quantity.
The move will see heavy earth moving machinery (HEMM) fitted with digital sensors to monitor performance efficiency at all levels. Additionally, modern data analytic techniques aim to increase mine productivity and project monitoring through functional system management and effective observation.
An Exciting Venture For Global Mining
CIL, which aims to provide energy security in an environmentally and socially sustainable manner, hopes the move will help transform the entire business of mining operations and ensure higher volumes of coal are acquired at a lower cost.
“This is a first of its kind initiative by the company utilising digitalisation to ramp up coal output,” CIL has said.
A Digital Step Towards Enhanced Performance
Digitalisation is expected to take place at open-cast mines in Kusmunda, Gevra, Dipka of Southern Eastern Coalfields (SECL), Migahi, Jayant, Dudhichua, and Khadia of Northern Coalfields (NCL). Nearly 32% (188 MT) of CIL’s 596 MT output in FY’21 was accounted for by the seven selected mines. However, this new deal is set to see a large increase following the subsequent digital changes due to be made.
“Learning from the outcome and success of this model, we may replicate it in our other large mines,” says CIL, optimistic about the future following the modernisation of their mining.
It is expected that the move will help address roadblocks and guarantee corrective measures are put into place, ensuring the company is able to move forward with its aim of increasing output whilst remaining sustainable and eco-friendly.