£330m purchase of sole aluminium smelter in UK opens door for industry
A bright new industrial future for the Scottish Highlands was heralded today (Monday 19th Dec) as Liberty House and SIMEC - both members of the GFG Alliance - completed a £330million deal with Rio Tinto to buy Britain's last remaining aluminium smelter at Fort William in Lochaber, together with the iconic hydro-power plants at Fort William and Kinlochleven, and associated estate lands.
During a visit by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and Rural Economy Secretary, Fergus Ewing to celebrate the successful Scottish Government-backed sale, the new owners announced plans for a further £120million investment to upgrade equipment and establish an aluminium wheel manufacturing facility at the site. This will generate up to 300 jobs directly and hundreds more in the supply-chain.
Liberty aims to protect the existing 170 jobs in Lochaber and progressively expand metal manufacturing and downstream engineering there; eventually bringing up to 2,000 direct and supply-chain jobs to the heart of the Highlands and adding around £1 billion to the local economy over the next decade.
The acquisition includes the hydro-electric station and aluminium smelter at Fort William, the neighbouring hydro-plant at Kinlochleven and over 100,000 acres of estate land which hosts the water catchment area, including the foothills of Ben Nevis, Britain’s highest mountain.
Liberty – under the banner "Liberty British Aluminium" - will add substantial extra value to the production of aluminium by integrating the smelter with a new engineering and downstream manufacturing facility.
SIMEC will operate the hydro plants within its growing UK portfolio of renewable power assets. A key customer for SIMEC Lochaber Hydro will be the smelter, which is an intensive user of electricity to process alumina into aluminium.
This is one of the largest single investments yet made by the global GFG Alliance businesses. The acquisition marks a major step towards the delivery of GFG’s plan to forge a competitive and sustainable metals and engineering sector in the UK by integrating the supply chain and particularly by powering these industries with SIMEC’s renewable energy production.
The GFG Alliance sees the Lochaber aluminium operation as fitting strongly into Liberty’s growing automotive industry focus. Liberty is already an important components vendor to the top UK vehicles manufacturers and is rapidly growing its Tier 1 capabilities.
The Scottish Government is supporting the GFG Alliance’s acquisition and its investment programme by guaranteeing the power purchases of the aluminium smelter for the next 25 years.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said: “This is a historic day for the UK’s last remaining aluminium smelter here in Lochaber. GFG Alliance’s buyout of the complex will protect 170 existing jobs and with ambitious plans to invest in the site, expand operations and add value, we look forward to hundreds of new jobs being created in the coming years.
“The Scottish Government is supporting GFG by guaranteeing the power purchases of the aluminium smelter, which reinforces the essential link between the smelter and hydro station at Fort William and provides a firm foundation for GFG’s ambitious expansion plans. Today is the start of an exciting new chapter in Scotland’s manufacturing story and the Scottish Government and its agencies will keep working with Sanjeev Gupta and the GFG Alliance to help them realise their enterprising vision for Lochaber.”
Sanjeev Gupta, executive chairman of Liberty House Group and of the GFG Alliance strategic board, said: “We hope this day will come to be recognised as the start of a bright new future for Highland industry. It puts Lochaber right at the heart of our vision for sustainable and integrated local production that can revitalise British manufacturing. The Scottish Government has recognised the immense opportunity this investment brings. Their support has been refreshing and inspiring.
“We look forward to working with the highly-skilled management team and workforce who join our family today and the many others who will join us in the future, as we embark upon this exciting journey here in the Highlands,” he added.
Jay Hambro, Chief Investment Officer of the GFG Alliance, and Chief Executive of SIMEC Energy & Mining Divisions said: “I am delighted that SIMEC’s portfolio of renewable energy assets continues to expand with a determined and focused investment strategy. These hydro-power stations have enough capacity to power around 83,000 homes. Today Lochaber provides the power required to produce 47,000 tonnes of aluminium. We have already identified investment programmes to significantly increase power generation from the existing assets and are studying how to create further capacity locally. SIMEC prides itself on providing innovative renewable and cost-effective power solutions for Liberty’s industrial activities; for example, the fish-oil powered generators driving the rolling mill at Liberty Steel Newport.”
He described the vast estate lands around Lochaber as a ‘sleeping giant’ and said: “SIMEC will look to work with Scottish Government, Highlands and Islands Enterprise and all local communities to develop the great potential locked up here.”
The purchase of Lochaber represents a major escalation of the GFG Alliance’s investment in Scotland, following Liberty’s acquisition of the Dalzell and Clydebridge Steel plants earlier this year. Dalzell formally restarted in September after being mothballed by previous owners.
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Zimbabwe targets £8.8bn mining industry by 2023
Zimbabwe’s government plans to fast-track exploration, evaluation and digitalisation of selected reserved mining areas under the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development as part of wider measures to achieve a £8.8 billion mining industry by 2023, according to a senior government minister.
Information Minister Monica Mutsvangwa said other plans include stopping the issuance of special grants in the reserved areas under the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development until the exploration and evaluation is complete and a robust value addition program for diamonds is implemented.
Mutsvangwa was speaking at a post-cabinet media briefing on December 15.
She adds that the issuance and renewal of special grants for energy should also be based on the financial and technical capacity to value add all types of coal, as well as for ideal exploration of Coal Bed Methane.
For renewal of special grants, consideration should take into account the period the Special Grant has been held as well as plans with milestones for value addition of the special grant, Mutsvangwa says. She adds that the Zimbabwean government expects gold to drive the mining sector in order to achieve the ambitious target, with the precious metal expected to contribute approximately £2.96 billion to the overall target.
Mining is one of Zimbabwe’s major contributors to its economy, alongside agriculture, which is the mainstay. The mining sector accounted for more than 60 percent of the country’s foreign currency receipts in 2019, and contributed around 16 percent to national Gross Domestic Product, the Chamber of Mines says.
The country’s mining industry is focused on a diverse range of small to medium mining operations. The most important minerals produced in Zimbabwe include gold, asbestos, chromite, coal and base metals.
Zimbabwe expects its economy to expand by 7.4 percent in 2021 from a projected contraction of 4.5 percent this year, due to the effects of drought and the COVID-19 global pandemic.
When presenting the 2021 National Budget in November this year, Finance and Economic Development Minister, Professor Mthuli Ncube, said that the mining sector is projected to rebound by 11 percent next year after surviving a COVID-19 induced shock that saw the sector contract by 4.7 percent in 2020. In September, mining bans in national parks were introduced, according to news agencies.
He added that the National Budget would allocate £1 billion towards the operations of the ministry for planning, promotion and exploration, data capturing, and automation, among other key mining processes.
Other factors necessary for the achievement of the £8.8 billion target include a stable macroeconomic environment, policy consistency, and availability of long-term capital to fund mining projects along the entire mineral value chain, the minister said.
Stopping "illicit financial flows" from gold smuggling is another key issue to address, according to media reports.