Six of the most significant open pit mines in the world
The Bingham Canyon Mine, more commonly known as Kennecot Copper Mine is located in the Oquirrh Mountain...
Bingham Canyon Mine – Salt Lake City, USA
The Bingham Canyon Mine, more commonly known as Kennecot Copper Mine is located in the Oquirrh Mountains, Utah, USA. Owned by Rio Tinto, the open pit mine is the largest man-made excavation on Earth. Measuring at two and three quarter miles across at the top, and three quarters of a mile deep. Rio Tinto states that you could lay a football pitch across the top of Bingham Canyon 38 times. The open pit mine is one of the leading copper producing mines in the world, producing more than 19 million tons.
Mir Mine, Eastern Siberia, Russia
Mir Mine, owned by Russian mining company Alrosa, is a remarkable 1,722 feet deep with a diameter almost a mile wide. The second largest mine in the world is located in eastern Siberia near the town of Mirny and has played a significant part in Russia’s diamond production, producing more than six million carats of rough diamonds in 2014. During its peak, the mine was responsible for 23 percent of the world’s rough diamonds. Just last week, the Mir Mine was valued at £13billion.
Grasberg Mine, Indonesia
Freeport McMoRan’s Grasberg Mine, located in Indonesia, is the largest gold mine and third largest copper mine in the world. The Grasberg operation is a combination of both open pit and underground mines, the open pit mine is more than 550m deep. mine itself is located near the highest mountain in Papua, which is 4,884 metres above sea level, with Grasberg being 4,270 metres. Operations at Grasberg are so large it employs a 19,000 plus strong workforce.
Chuquicamata, the largest copper mine in the world, one of the most significant factors to the economic growth and prosperity of Chile. 2,790 ft. in depth, Chuquicamata is the second largest open pit mine in the world, behind Bingham. The mine was taken over by Minera Escondida (partly owned by BHP Biliton)
Kiruna Mine, Sweden
The world’s largest underground iron ore mine the Kiruna Mine has a depth of 2km, following a four-year project to make the take the original depth of 3,428 ft in 1999 to 4,478 ft in 2012. Owned by LKAB, the mine has produced over 950Mt of ore since mining began at the site over 100 years ago.
Kalgoorlie Super Pit, otherwise known as the Super Pit gold mine, Australia
If the name wasn’t a clue, the Super Pit is Australia’s largest open cut gold mine. At 1.5 km wide and 570 metres deep (1,880 ft.) the Super Pit boasts the ability of being visible from space. Owned by KCGM, through a joint venture of Barrick Australia Pacific and Newmont Asia Pacific. The mine produces up to 800,000 ounces of gold per year and has a gold reserve of 6.965 million ounces.
Ericsson Private 5G to transform secure on-site connectivity
Ericsson has launched Ericsson Private 5G. It offers secure and simple 4G LTE and 5G Standalone (SA) connectivity primarily targeting manufacturing, mining and process industries, offshore and power utilities, as well as ports and airports.
Ericsson Private 5G optimizes and simplifies business operations with cloud-based network management, keeps sensitive data on-premise, has zero downtime upgrades and guarantees high performance through Service-Level Agreements (SLAs).
It is easily installed within hours at any facility and can be scaled to support larger coverage areas, more devices and higher capacity when needed. The product is designed to be flexible and will support a range of deployment sizes, depending on requirements, to suit varied needs. Businesses can manage their networks and integrate with IT/OT systems via an open API.
Ericsson Private 5G builds upon Ericsson’s 4G/5G radio and dual mode core technology, enabling a wide variety of use cases for both indoor and outdoor environments while integrating well with business operations, devices and applications. As a result, companies can improve productivity, give their customers more value and provide better working environments for employees.
Innovative use cases include tracking assets and real-time automation to improve productivity in warehouses, and a digital twin that can help to optimize manufacturing operations. Efficient quality inspections can also be performed via augmented reality or smart surveillance drones to increase worker safety, particularly in potentially hazardous environments such as ports and mines.
Ericsson already has a significant track record of operational 4G and 5G private network deployments with customers worldwide. Ericsson Private 5G builds on the success of that solution portfolio and deployment insights, as well as insights from projects such as 5G-Industry Campus Europe.
Peter Burman, Program Manager Mine Automation, at Swedish mining company Boliden, commented: “Automation, and safety through automation in our mining operations is an absolute must for us. Ericsson Private 5G is exactly what Boliden needs to bring high quality, fast and secure connectivity into potentially hazardous environments allowing us to mobilize efficiency and safety improving use cases.
Niels König, Coordinator 5G-Industry Campus Europe, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT added: “Private 5G networks are highly attractive for producing companies because of the uncompromised performance that 5G can bring, allowing them to tackle the challenges of production. Efficiently deploying and using network solutions in enterprises requires simplicity in installation, flexibility in connecting to existing production IT and lean operations while at the same time being able to scale the network to meet future challenges. Ericsson Private 5G delivers exactly these capabilities.”
Leo Gergs, Senior Analyst, ABI Research, noted: “With this new offering, Ericsson will be able to address key trends in the enterprise cellular market. The value proposition will appeal to operators and service providers as the solution hides technology complexity and therefore reduces the barrier of entry to deployment for many different flavors of enterprise networks.”
Thomas Noren, Head of Dedicated Networks, Business Area Technologies and New Businesses, Ericsson, revealed: “With Ericsson Private 5G, we take the best of Ericsson’s current portfolio and top it up with the best of our new technology. We do this to give businesses what they need to improve productivity, enable new offerings and give employees a better working environment. With Ericsson Private 5G, we also give operators a better way to serve business customers and leverage their assets - in short, to grow beyond mobile broadband.”
Ericsson recently joined a three-year initiative to develop autonomous, carbon-neutral mining processes supported by 5G connectivity. Funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, the $16mn Next-Generation Carbon-Neutral Pilots for Smart Intelligent Mining Systems (NEXGEN SIMS) project is being coordinated by Swedish mining and infrastructure equipment manufacturer, Epiroc, in cooperation with a range of industry-diverse partners, including: Ericsson, K+S, Boliden, Agnico Eagle Finland, KGHM Polska and Luleå University of Technology.