6 Sustainable Initiatives You Need to Implement in Your Mining Operations
Aside from profit margins and safety records, the key theme in the mining industry is sustainable initiatives. Not only are they vital to surrounding communities in which companies operate but they’re vital for the prosperity of the world.
We’ve taken some of the best practices across the mining spectrum and compiled a list of the most important initiatives mining companies should begin implementing immediately.
1. Community inspired programs
One of the best objectives mining companies can accomplish for surrounding areas is building community inspired programs. These community development programs can have a wider impact on the societies they operate in, beyond the jobs and investments that they bring to communities.
According to the World Gold Council, “these programs should be designed to meet local needs and priorities, and include investments in sectors including education, entrepreneurship and healthcare.”
For example, Newmont Mining Corporation is working in cooperation with the national Ministry of People’s Housing to build and improve houses for low income communities in the West Sumbawa Regency region of Indonesia.
Anglo American is another prime example. The mining company has launched a slew of initiatives and programs aimed at instilling meaningful community programs and training in areas in which they operate in.
2. Renewable energy resources
Renewable energy has become a hot topic in the mining industry with several companies jumping taking the bull by the horns and implementing an array of new initiatives. One of those companies is Harmony Gold.
The South African mining company has started building two solar park facilities at one of its operations, helping the company alleviate pressure on peak energy usage.
In addition, Harmony Gold is using mine-impact land and tailings to pilot biocrop procreating in the form of giant king grass and sugar beet. The initiative is helping the company use biocrops as feedstock to generate natural gas as a fossil fuel substitute.
3. Seek continual improvement
The International Council on Mining & Metals (ICMM) has outlined the top 10 principles mining companies should implement in their operations. Number five and seek on the list seek continual improvement on health and safety performance and environmental performance.
According to the ICMM:
• Implement a management system focused on continual improvement of all aspects of operations that could have a significant impact on the health and safety of our own employees, those of contractors and the communities where we operate.
• Assess the positive and negative, the direct and indirect, and the cumulative environmental impacts of new projects – from exploration through closure.
• Implement an environmental management system focused on continual improvement to review, prevent, mitigate or ameliorate adverse environmental impacts.
4. Be transparent
One of the biggest keys to responsible mining is transparency. Not only is it imperative for sustainable development and forming a balanced social contract, but trust needs to be created between the mining company and the community for success.
Tips for addressing transparency in the metals and mining sector are:
• Report on corporate sustainability performance in a standardized way is an essential piece of the transparency puzzle.
• Be responsible for directly disclosing information about operations to customers and surrounding communities.
• Provide responsible sourcing schemes to help define what it means to manage the supply of a given material or product. Take into account the relevant environmental and social benefits and impacts.
5. Uphold fundamental human rights
This initiative should be the foundation for every mining company operating in the world. Respect for human rights is a key aspect of sustainable development and it’s one of the biggest principles adopted by organizations like the ICMM and World Gold Council.
“Respect for local societies and human rights are of particular importance for responsible gold-mining companies,” according to the World Gold Council. “Many companies undertake their own social responsibility programs, as well as sign up to international standards such as the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.”
6. Reclamation innovations
Mine site closure and reclamation is a vital element of mining. Not only does it requires an immense amount of planning, designing and implementation, but it requires transitioning mine operations to post mining and then planning for the socio-economic challenges that may lie ahead.
At Goldcorp’s former San Martin mine in Honduras, the company has turned what used to be a mining camp into a 31-room ecology center with an eco-tourism themed hotel with a restaurant, swimming pool and other amenities.
Anglo American has created the Mine Closure Toolbox (MCT) program, a detailed initiative for ensuring the company leaves a positive and sustainable legacy for all its host communities after operations have ended.
Vale invests $150mn to extend life of Manitoba operations
Vale has announced a $150mn CAD investment to extend current mining activities in Thompson, Manitoba by 10 years while aggressive exploration drilling of known orebodies holds the promise of mining well past 2040.
Global energy transition is boosting the market for nickel
The Thompson Mine Expansion is a two-phase project. The announcement represents Phase 1 and includes critical infrastructure such as new ventilation raises and fans, increased backfill capacity and additional power distribution. The changes are forecast to improve current production by 30%.
“This is the largest single investment we have made in our Thompson operations in the past two decades,” said Mark Travers, Executive Vice-President for Base Metals with Vale. “It is significant news for our employees, for the Thompson community and for the Province of Manitoba.
“The global movement to electric vehicles, renewable energies and carbon reduction has shone a welcome spotlight on nickel – positioning the metal we mine as a key contributor to a greener future and boosting world demand. We are proud that Thompson can be part of that future and part of the low carbon solution.”
Vale continues drilling program at Manitoba
Coupled with today’s announcement, Vale is continuing an extensive drilling program to further define known orebodies and search for new mineralization.
“This $150mn investment is just one part of our ambitious Thompson turnaround story. It is an indicator of our confidence in a long future for the Thompson operations,” added Dino Otranto, Chief Operating Officer for Vale’s North Atlantic Base Metals operations.
“Active collaboration between our design team, technical services, USW Local 6166, and our entire Thompson workforce has delivered a safe, efficient and fit-for-purpose plan that will enable us to extract the Thompson nickel resources for many years to come.”
The Thompson orebody was first discovered in 1956 by Vale (then known as Inco) following the adoption of new exploration technology and the largest exploration program to-date in the company’s history. Mining of the Thompson orebody began in 1961.
“We see the lighting of a path forward to a sustainable and prosperous future for Vale Base Metals in Manitoba,” said Gary Annett, General Manager of Vale’s Manitoba Operations.