6 Things You Didn't Know About the Mining Industry
The term ‘Cop’ or ‘Copper’, which is used to describe policemen, originated because of the copper badges on their uniforms
While there is no absolute definitive answer, many people and historians believe the term is shortened from “copper” and derives from the copper badges worn by policemen.
There are more than 35 minerals in the majority of modern technology devices
Believe it or not, technology devices like the iPhone 6 rely on precious minerals and metals mined from the earth.
According to consumer technology site CNET, “Minerals such as neodymium are used in magnets that make speakers vibrate to create sound. Europium is a phosphor that creates a bright red on an iPhone screen. Cerium gets put into a solvent that workers use to polish devices as they move along the assembly line.”
In addition, rare-earth minerals are crucial ingredients for not just cell phones but wind turbines, hybrid cars and night-vision goggles.
Gold fact: Although most of the gold mined in the world is used primarily on jewelry, 21 percent of it is used in coins, 15 percent is used for electronics and one percent is used in dental practices.
The global mining and metals industry makes up roughly two percent of global emissions
According to the International Council on Mining & Metals, half the industry’s emissions are from fuel used in mining and processing operations while the other half is from electricity use.
The longest time survived underground after a mining incident was 69 days
In 2010, Chile endured one of the largest mining disasters ever. 33 miners were trapped a half-mile underground for 69 days when part of their mine collapsed. The rescue mission, which costs roughly $20 million, helped save the miners within 24 hours and welcomed them as national heroes.
Canada is the largest mining nation in the world
Not only that, the Canadian mining industry is a major employer for the country.
- Approximately 400,000 people in Canada work in the mining and mineral processing industries.
- The largest mining supply sectors have more than 3,200 companies supplying engineering, geotechnical, environmental, financial and other services to mining operations.
- Those who work in mining enjoy the highest wages and salaries of all industrial sectors in Canada.
Zinc and steel are 100 percent recyclable
Zinc and steel go together like peanut butter and jelly. As one of the most used materials in the world, steel is 100 percent recyclable. It’s also the most recycled material in the world.
Zinc, which is also 100 percent recyclable, is commonly used in steel to prolong the metals durability. The metal ranks slightly lower than steel with a 80 percent recyclable rate.
Mining Profile: Gary Nagle, CEO, Glencore
Gary Nagle has spent his career in mining, across two decades, with Glencore – the Anglo-Swiss metals and mining company with a diverse global portfolio. Nagle is a one company man who has experienced the journey of the resources industry from boots on the ground to the boardroom. He will succeed Ivan Glasenberg as Glencore’s CEO in July 2021
Gary Nagle was born in South Africa in 1975 where he earned degrees in commerce and accounting from the University of Witwatersrand, before qualifying as a chartered accountant in 1999. Nagle joined Glencore in 2000 as an asset manager in the coal department. His rise was swift; by 2007 he was named chief executive of the company’s Colombian coal operation, Prodeco.
Following the acquisition of Xstrata in 2013, Nagle moved to run the company’s South Africa-focused alloy assets, before being named head of the company’s global coal assets portfolio in 2018
Building his career by rising through the ranks of Glencore’s coal department Nagles was considered the most likely to succeed Glasenberg due to his asset-focus; mining accounts for a growing share of Glencore’s revenue as it moves away from its origins as a pure trader.
Glencore’s Chairman, Tony Hayward, commented on the appointment: “Gary Nagle has held senior roles in coal and ferroalloys in Colombia, South Africa and Australia. He has been on the Board’s radar for more than several years and was selected following a succession process overseen by the Board. We are confident that he has the right skill set and qualities to lead the Glencore of tomorrow.”
Ivan Glasenberg is retiring from his role as CEO after nearly 20 years at the helm of Glencore which saw him complete one of the largest mining mergers in history, with Xstrata. Looking back on his time at Glencore, the world’s largest commodities trader, Glasenberg reflected: “I am proud of the great company that we have built. Together, we have created one of the world’s largest diversified miners and marketers of commodities. Today, our diversified portfolio uniquely positions us to play an essential role in the global transition to a low-carbon economy.”
Glencore has announced plans to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 by reducing its direct and indirect carbon footprint by 40% by 2035.
Glasenberg has served as mentor to Nagle who has followed a similar career path at Glencore rising to the role of CEO via heading up the company’s global coal business.
“I have worked with Gary since he joined the company twenty years ago,” recalled Glasenberg. “I have always regarded it as a critical part of my job to develop the next generation of leadership at Glencore and I am proud of the strong leadership team that we developed from which we were able to select Gary. I am confident that his leadership, along with the support of the management team, will enable Glencore to take advantage of the opportunities that lie ahead and be a strong custodian for my shareholding in the company.”
Looking ahead to the challenges awaiting him, Nagle was full of optimism: “I am grateful for the trust placed in me by the Board and honoured to be appointed CEO at such an exciting time for Glencore. We will continue to deliver value to our shareholders, while operating safely and responsibly.”
Nagle will relocate from Australia to Switzerland to take up his new role.