Are low-margin businesses the new trend for mining giants?
Struggling with financial pressures, the world’s largest mining companies are losing the ego and exploring new revenue sources such as low-margin businesses, encroaching one a segment traditionally done by smaller companies.
“Everybody is trying to find ways to squeeze out whatever they can,” said Rick de los Reyes, who helps manage $1.5 billion invested in metals and mining at T. Rowe Price. “Everybody is fighting to stay alive.”
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At Rio Tinto’s smelting facility in Utah, the company has started providing services to other producers, which are paying Rio Tinto a fee to heat up copper ore.
“It is vital that we remain focused on reducing our costs, increasing our productivity and ensuring that we derive the maximum value from our operations,” said Jean Sébastien Jacques, chief executive of Rio Tinto’s copper and coal group.
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And while low-margin businesses like refining seem natural for large mining companies like Rio Tinto and Vale, the strategy is layered in risk with razor-thin margins. According to some analysts, these downstream activities expose a bigger problem.
“It is probably not the best odds that it will work out real well or they would have been in that business in the first place,” said Michael Ball, portfolio manager with Weatherstone Capital Management, which oversees $675 million. The efforts “speak to the fact that companies believe they’ve got a longer-term issue on their hands.”
However, mining companies may have no other choice.
“The producers can’t just sit on their hands and say they can’t do deals like that,” saidPeter Bradley, Javelin’s chief executive and a former commodities trader at Goldman Sachs. “Otherwise, their industry is going to go away.”