May 17, 2020

[PHOTOS] The exotic world of rare minerals and gems

Gems
Minerals
Photos
Slideshow
Admin
1 min
[PHOTOS] The exotic world of minerals and gems
They may seem like ordinary rocks, but there's nothing ordinary about minerals and gems.As a naturally occuring substance, minerals are solid and in...

They may seem like ordinary rocks, but there's nothing ordinary about minerals and gems. 

As a naturally occuring substance, minerals are solid and inorganic representable by a chemical forumla with an ordered atomic structure. They range in composition from pure elements and simple salts to very complex silicates with thousands of known forms. A gem, or gemstone, is a mineral crystal which his typically cut and polished. According to the International Gem Society, most gems are “minerals that have been chosen for their beauty and durability, then cut and polished for use as human adornment.” 

Thanks to Reddit, we can take a look inside the wonderfully exotic world of rare minerals and gems. 

Related content: [SLIDESHOW] The 5 Deadliest Minerals Ever Mined

Bismuth

Azurite

Black opal

Burmese Tourmaline

Chrysocolla in Malachite

Fluorite

Luz Opal

Opal Fossil

Opal

Pink Rhodochrosite

Rhodochrosite

Rose Quartz Geode

Titanium Quartz

Watermelon Tourmaline

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May 14, 2021

Copper production from top ten companies to increase by 3.8%

Copper
Codelco
First Quantum
Freeport-McMoRan
2 min
Following a marginal slump in copper production due to COVID-19, output from top ten companies set to rise up to 3.8% in 2021 reveals GlobalData analysis

Copper production from the world’s top companies is set to increase by up to 3.8% this year, following a fall of 0.2% in 2020, GlobalData analysis reveals. Last year’s marginal slump saw production drop to 11.76 million tonnes (Mt).

Copper

The initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mining operations was immense, however, six of the ten largest copper producers succeeded in increasing output last year. In 2021, copper production from the top ten copper companies is expected to bounce back, rising by up to 3.8%, to reach 12.2Mt, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company. 

First Quantum

The highest increase in copper production was by Canada’s First Quantum, which, despite all the challenges, reported 10.4% growth in 2020. The company’s Sentinel mine in Zambia and Cobre Panama were key contributors to this growth. While the latter remained under care and maintenance between April and August 2020, it delivered record production levels during the subsequent months.

Copper

Codelco

Codelco, the world’s largest producer of the red metal used in electric vehicles, also bucked the trend.

Vinneth Bajaj, Associate Project Manager at GlobalData, commented: “Despite Codelco reporting over 3,400 active cases during July 2020, the company achieved 1.2% growth in its production in 2020. The company implemented a four-phase plan, as part of the COVID-19 measures, to ensure the health and safety of its employees, while also avoiding any significant impact to its copper output.” 

Freeport McMoRan

Although the overall impact was minimal, declines in production were observed from Glencore (8.2%), Antofagasta (4.7%), BHP (3.9%) and Freeport McMoRan (1.3%). Reduced operational workforces due to COVID-19 measures, lower ore grades and production halts due to maintenance were the key disruptors to output during 2020.

Electric Vehicles

The move towards electric vehicles and clean energy from renewables sources such as solar panels and wind turbines has driven the copper price to all-time highs. Copper has been among the best performers over the last month where metals ranging from aluminum to iron ore have surged to their highest prices in years. The rally is being fueled by stimulus measures, near-zero interest rates and signs that economies are recovering from the global pandemic. 

 

 

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