Report: Australia leads iron ore mining market growth to 2020
Australia still reigns supreme in iron ore. The latest Global Iron Ore Mining Market to 2020 research report said worldwide iron ore reserves were 190 billion tons as of January 2015, with Australia accounting for the largest share at 53 billion or 27.9 percent of the total.
Global iron ore mining market and reserves dominated by Australia are followed by Brazil at 31 billion (16.3 percent), Russia at 25 billion (13.2 percent), China at 23 billion (12.1 percent) and India at 8.1 billion (4.3 percent) as of January 2015. In 2014, Australia was the largest producer of iron ore accounting for 36.1 percent of world production, followed by Brazil accounting for 20.2 percent, China (12.8 percent) and India (8.2 percent). Australia was the largest exporter of iron ores and concentrates (including roasted iron pyrites) in 2014, exporting 755.1 million, followed by Brazil (344.4 million), South Africa (67.2 million), Ukraine (40.9 million) and Canada (40.3 million).
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The Hamersley range, Pilbara region of Western Australia has rich deposits of hematite ore which normally contains 56-62 percent iron. Much of the hematite in the Pilbara is further categorized as direct shipping ore (DSO) because of its simplistic processing. In Brazil, iron ore is mainly extracted from hematite ores but can also be found in low grade itabirite ores which has iron content in the range of 35-64 percent. Russian iron ore deposits are primarily located across the Ural region, Moscow and North West Russia. Chinese iron ore reserves are spread across the provinces of Liaoning, Sichuan, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shandong, Anhui, Hubei and Gansu.
Vale S.A., Rio Tinto and BHP Billiton are the major iron ore mining market producers mentioned in this research. This research helps gain an understanding of the global iron ore mining market, the relevant demand drivers, reserves, historic and forecast production and consumption, trade (major exporting and importing countries), active, exploration and development projects and the competitive landscape.
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About the report: Timetric's 'Global Iron Ore Mining to 2020' report comprehensively covers global reserves of iron ore and reserves by country. It also covers the historic and forecast data on global iron ore production, production by country, historic and forecast consumption and major exporting and importing countries. The report also includes demand drivers affecting the global iron ore mining industry, world steel demand by region, profiles of major iron ore producing companies and information on the active, exploration and development projects by region.
Copper production from top ten companies to increase by 3.8%
Copper production from the world’s top companies is set to increase by up to 3.8% this year, following a fall of 0.2% in 2020, GlobalData analysis reveals. Last year’s marginal slump saw production drop to 11.76 million tonnes (Mt).
The initial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mining operations was immense, however, six of the ten largest copper producers succeeded in increasing output last year. In 2021, copper production from the top ten copper companies is expected to bounce back, rising by up to 3.8%, to reach 12.2Mt, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
The highest increase in copper production was by Canada’s First Quantum, which, despite all the challenges, reported 10.4% growth in 2020. The company’s Sentinel mine in Zambia and Cobre Panama were key contributors to this growth. While the latter remained under care and maintenance between April and August 2020, it delivered record production levels during the subsequent months.
Codelco, the world’s largest producer of the red metal used in electric vehicles, also bucked the trend.
Vinneth Bajaj, Associate Project Manager at GlobalData, commented: “Despite Codelco reporting over 3,400 active cases during July 2020, the company achieved 1.2% growth in its production in 2020. The company implemented a four-phase plan, as part of the COVID-19 measures, to ensure the health and safety of its employees, while also avoiding any significant impact to its copper output.”
Although the overall impact was minimal, declines in production were observed from Glencore (8.2%), Antofagasta (4.7%), BHP (3.9%) and Freeport McMoRan (1.3%). Reduced operational workforces due to COVID-19 measures, lower ore grades and production halts due to maintenance were the key disruptors to output during 2020.
The move towards electric vehicles and clean energy from renewables sources such as solar panels and wind turbines has driven the copper price to all-time highs. Copper has been among the best performers over the last month where metals ranging from aluminum to iron ore have surged to their highest prices in years. The rally is being fueled by stimulus measures, near-zero interest rates and signs that economies are recovering from the global pandemic.