Rio Tinto should 'pay for Juukan Gorge', inquiry says
Mining giant Rio Tinto should pay restitution to indigenous Australians affected by the destruction of two ancient rock shelters to expand an iron ore mine, according to an inquiry panel.
An interim report recommended that Rio Tinto should fully reconstruct the rock shelters in Western Australia’s Pilbara region at its own expense. The report includes broader industry guidance that highlights a review of consent practices and a moratorium on mining in the affected places.
However, the inquiry does not specify what, if any, financial compensation Rio Tinto should pay out to the traditional owners as part of the negotiated restitution package, but does state that agreement should include keeping places where artefacts and other materials could be stored and displayed for their benefit.
The parliamentary inquiry into the legal destruction of the 46,000-year-old Juukan Gorge rock shelter in May has held 13 public hearings, and received more than 140 submissions from miners, heritage specialists and Aboriginal and civil society groups.
The committee now says that it aims to finish the report in the second half of 2021, once it has heard testimony from other states after disruptions related to the COVID-19 pandemic slowed proceedings.
In a statement, the Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura (PKKP) people whose lands were impacted say that they hope the inquiry’s findings prompt a ‘fundamental reset’ of the sector, particularly in the relationships between traditional owners and miners.
While it has started the long road towards healing and repairing its relationship with Rio, ‘there is still a long way to go’, the statement adds. “Rio Tinto now needs to turn its words into actions.”
Although the destruction of the ancient rock shelters in Juukan Gorge has sparked some industry change, with miners reviewing processes and their relationships with traditional owners of the land on which they operate, but there is room for more to be done, the inquiry asserts.
Rio Tinto says that it "regrets and unreservedly apologises to the PKKP people. The destruction of the rock shelters should not have happened, and we are absolutely committed to listening, learning, and changing."
The mining giant says that it has taken a number of actions to strengthen cultural heritage governance and controls and commenced the long-term process of regaining the trust of traditional owners.
In a letter dated October 13, the company pledges to review all heritage disturbance in consultation with the traditional owners in the Pilbara; as well as sharing its intentions to modernise agreements, which includes the modification of clauses to ensure respect, transparency, and mutual benefit.
Vale invests $150mn to extend life of Manitoba operations
Vale has announced a $150mn CAD investment to extend current mining activities in Thompson, Manitoba by 10 years while aggressive exploration drilling of known orebodies holds the promise of mining well past 2040.
Global energy transition is boosting the market for nickel
The Thompson Mine Expansion is a two-phase project. The announcement represents Phase 1 and includes critical infrastructure such as new ventilation raises and fans, increased backfill capacity and additional power distribution. The changes are forecast to improve current production by 30%.
“This is the largest single investment we have made in our Thompson operations in the past two decades,” said Mark Travers, Executive Vice-President for Base Metals with Vale. “It is significant news for our employees, for the Thompson community and for the Province of Manitoba.
“The global movement to electric vehicles, renewable energies and carbon reduction has shone a welcome spotlight on nickel – positioning the metal we mine as a key contributor to a greener future and boosting world demand. We are proud that Thompson can be part of that future and part of the low carbon solution.”
Vale continues drilling program at Manitoba
Coupled with today’s announcement, Vale is continuing an extensive drilling program to further define known orebodies and search for new mineralization.
“This $150mn investment is just one part of our ambitious Thompson turnaround story. It is an indicator of our confidence in a long future for the Thompson operations,” added Dino Otranto, Chief Operating Officer for Vale’s North Atlantic Base Metals operations.
“Active collaboration between our design team, technical services, USW Local 6166, and our entire Thompson workforce has delivered a safe, efficient and fit-for-purpose plan that will enable us to extract the Thompson nickel resources for many years to come.”
The Thompson orebody was first discovered in 1956 by Vale (then known as Inco) following the adoption of new exploration technology and the largest exploration program to-date in the company’s history. Mining of the Thompson orebody began in 1961.
“We see the lighting of a path forward to a sustainable and prosperous future for Vale Base Metals in Manitoba,” said Gary Annett, General Manager of Vale’s Manitoba Operations.