2016: a difficult year for South African mining
South Africa’s mining industry faced a difficult 2016, with an increase in short-term volatility, increased pressure on operating models, regulatory uncertainty and – a common theme we hear, subdued commodity prices.
In a report titled “SA Mine” – the eigth edition from PwC which looks at the trends in the South African mining industry, Michal Kotzé, Mining Industry Leader for PwC Africa says: “Companies had no choice but to cut back on new developments, re-focus on profitable production rather than maximum production and to save costs.
“The long-term nature of mining investments translates into a significant lag in the supply response to price changes. This lag contributes to the cyclical nature of the mining industry. Although there is no consensus, we have probably reached the bottom of the cycle, but may stay here for some time.”
Highlights from the report:
- Market capitalisation in 2016 increased as a result of a notable increase in market capital of gold mining companies, as well as a small increase in platinum mining companies
- Crunching the numbers, of the 31 companies analysed – the market capitalisation rose to R560 billion, which constitutes to an increase by 45 percent
- Compare that with last year (June 2016/June 2015) – market capitalisation was R386 billion
- Looking a little further, market capitalisation increased to R578 billion as of 21 August 2016
Closer look at commodities
- The highest earning commodity in South Africa in 2016 was – you guessed it, coal
- This is despite a revenue share decreasing marginally to 29 percent from 2015
- Coal mining revenue in total increased by R1.3billion
- Platinum group metals share of mining revenue increased by R8.6billion in 2016, from R87 billion back in 2015
- Gold’s share saw an increase from 15 percent in 2015 to 20 percent in 2016, and Iron ore continued its downward trend from 14 percent in 2015, to 10eprcent in 2016
- Total revenue increased by 2 percent (R7 billion) from 2015
- As a result of higher production, the platinum companies’ revenue increased by 11 percent (R12 billion)
- Gold was also another commodity that saw another increase on the back of higher gold rand prices
- Operating expenses increased by R12 billion, a “testimony to the various savings initiatives implemented by management, including reduction in marginal production, renegotiation of supply agreements and a reduction in overhead structures”
- Labour costs however, are still the biggest cost component in the local mining industry – with an increase by 5.2 percent but an actual 2 percent decrease due to staff reductions
- 2016 saw companies make substantial efforts to restructure balance sheets, preserve cash and contain costs
- Liquidity is still a big concern, but successful capital raisings and debt restructurings are offering a glimmer of hope that investors are still placing faith in the industry
- Some great news no matter what the rest of the industry looks like – mine safety is improving significantly. Fatalities are showing a declining trend over the last five years, “substantially better than they were 20 years ago”
The September issue of Mining Global Magazine is live!
Get in touch with our editor Dale Benton at [email protected]
Vale invests $150mn to extend life of Manitoba operations
Vale has announced a $150mn CAD investment to extend current mining activities in Thompson, Manitoba by 10 years while aggressive exploration drilling of known orebodies holds the promise of mining well past 2040.
Global energy transition is boosting the market for nickel
The Thompson Mine Expansion is a two-phase project. The announcement represents Phase 1 and includes critical infrastructure such as new ventilation raises and fans, increased backfill capacity and additional power distribution. The changes are forecast to improve current production by 30%.
“This is the largest single investment we have made in our Thompson operations in the past two decades,” said Mark Travers, Executive Vice-President for Base Metals with Vale. “It is significant news for our employees, for the Thompson community and for the Province of Manitoba.
“The global movement to electric vehicles, renewable energies and carbon reduction has shone a welcome spotlight on nickel – positioning the metal we mine as a key contributor to a greener future and boosting world demand. We are proud that Thompson can be part of that future and part of the low carbon solution.”
Vale continues drilling program at Manitoba
Coupled with today’s announcement, Vale is continuing an extensive drilling program to further define known orebodies and search for new mineralization.
“This $150mn investment is just one part of our ambitious Thompson turnaround story. It is an indicator of our confidence in a long future for the Thompson operations,” added Dino Otranto, Chief Operating Officer for Vale’s North Atlantic Base Metals operations.
“Active collaboration between our design team, technical services, USW Local 6166, and our entire Thompson workforce has delivered a safe, efficient and fit-for-purpose plan that will enable us to extract the Thompson nickel resources for many years to come.”
The Thompson orebody was first discovered in 1956 by Vale (then known as Inco) following the adoption of new exploration technology and the largest exploration program to-date in the company’s history. Mining of the Thompson orebody began in 1961.
“We see the lighting of a path forward to a sustainable and prosperous future for Vale Base Metals in Manitoba,” said Gary Annett, General Manager of Vale’s Manitoba Operations.